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Irregularities and Fraud in Transport Infrastructure

A Proposal for Some Proportionate and Effective Measures for the European Structural and Investment Funds for the 2021-2027 Programming Period

Yasen Markov

Article 325 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) provides a legal basis for protecting the EU's financial interests against fraud, corruption and other illegal activities. In the field of the Cohesion Policy, for the first time in the 2014-2020 period the Member States were explicitly required to put in place effective and proportionate anti-fraud measures taking into account the risks identified. Large amounts of the available European Structural and Investment Funds are earmarked for the completion of TEN-T and more generally for the construction of transport infrastructure. The objective of this article is to provide an overview of the state of play of the anti-fraud activities along with the author`s position on the possible effective and proportionate to the sector specific challenges anti-fraud measures in the framework of the shared management of the ESI funds. A number of concrete measures at national and EU level are recommended such as the use of AI and data analytics, holistic risk management approach based on ISO 31000, specific trainings and coordination of the efforts between the Member States.

Head of Risk Management, Prevention and Administration of Irregularities Unit, Ministry of Transport, Information Technology and Communications, Republic of Bulgaria. The author expresses his personal opinion and not that of the Ministry of Transport, Information Technology and Communications.


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